The wastewater in the your home or business septic system has four main locations:
House or building (where it originates)
Septic tank (where it collects and separates)
Distribution box (where it is diverted into one of three or four pipes)
Drain field (where it is finally deposited)
The last component, or drain field, is one of the most important. Septic drain fields are used to remove contaminants and impurities from the liquid that emerges from the septic tank. The drain field typically consists of an arrangement of trenches that contain perforated pipes and a porous material, often consisting of gravel, which is covered by a layer of soil to prevent animals and surface runoff from reaching the hydraulic for the volume of wastewater requiring disposal, distributed through these trenches. The size of the drain field just depends on how permeable the ground is. If the earth is composed primarily of hard, clay-like soils, the drain field will need to be much larger.
Regular cleaning of your septic tank is very important to the health and longevity of your drain field and septic system. Be sure to have your septic tank pumped and emptied regularly; unexpected overflow is a nightmare for any homeowner. Sometimes when a tank is starting to get full, you may notice signs such as the toilet beginning to drain slowly, and there may be gurgling sounds in the toilet or worse yet, the toilets and drains back up. Other times, there may be standing water and low wet, mushy spots over or around the septic tank itself. Another indicator is if there is excessive green grass in the area of the tank or drain field, this could indicate the tank is in need of cleaning. Something to keep in mind as well is that sometimes a backup or a fracture will occur in the drainage pipes.
It is a good idea to add enzymes to your septic tank on a regular basis. These enzyme products help break down solids in your septic tank allowing for better dispersion and less clogging. Ask your Rainforest technician about Septic Tank additives.